Two important ideas in gearing are pitch surface area and pitch position. The pitch surface of a gear is the imaginary toothless surface that you would have got by averaging out the peaks and valleys of the individual teeth. The pitch surface of an ordinary gear is the form of a cylinder. The pitch angle of a gear is the angle between the encounter of the pitch surface and the axis.

The most familiar types of bevel gears have pitch angles of significantly less than 90 degrees and they are cone-shaped. This kind of bevel gear is named external since the gear teeth stage outward. The pitch areas of meshed external bevel gears are coaxial with the apparatus shafts; the apexes of both areas are at the idea of intersection of the shaft axes.

Bevel gears which have pitch angles in excess of ninety degrees have teeth that time inward and are called internal bevel gears.

Bevel gears that have pitch angles of exactly 90 degrees possess teeth that point outward parallel with the axis and resemble the points on a crown. That is why this type of bevel gear is called a crown gear.

Mitre gears are mating bevel gears with beval gearbox equivalent amounts of teeth and with axes in right angles.

Skew bevel gears are those for which the corresponding crown equipment has tooth that are directly and oblique.